Skip to main content

Table 3 The relationship between hours worked, PM10, gender and childcare in Santiago

From: Too polluted to work? The gendered correlates of air pollution on hours worked

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
PM10 0.0017 (0.0022) 0.0098 (0.0024)*** 0.0195 (0.0050)*** 0.0185 (0.0055)*** 0.0216 (0.0055)***
PM10 × female   − 0.0216 (0.0025)*** − 0.0259 (0.0027)*** − 0.0167 (0.0036)*** − 0.0196 (0.0039)***
PM10 × female × children     − 0.0155 (0.0042)*** − 0.0146 (0.0042) ***
PM10 × children     0.0037 (0.0027) 0.0029 (0.0027)
Female   − 2.3423 (0.1863)*** − 2.0167 (0.1949)*** − 1.9649 (0.2682)*** − 1.5014 (0.2814)***
Children     0.8680 (0.2059)*** 0.8827(0.2040)***
Female × children     − 0.0920 (0.3165) − 0.1440 (0.3150)
PM10 × female × non-working adult      0.0455 (0.0107)***
PM10 × non-working adult      0.0044 (0.0045)
Female × non-working adult      − 4.4474 (0.7704)***
Non-working adult      0.5190 (0.3299)
PM10 × age    − 0.0001 (0.0001) − 0.0002 (0.0001) − 0.0003 (0.0001)*
PM10 × agriculture and mining    − 0.0114 (0.0098) − 0.0125 (0.0098) − 0.0115 (0.0098)
PM10 × manufacturing    − 0.0052 (0.0033) − 0.0050 (0.0034) − 0.0051(0.0034)
PM10 × construction    − 0.0242 (0.0036)*** − 0.0246 (0.0036)*** − 0.0247(0.0036)***
Age    0.0618 (0.0077)*** 0.0695 (0.0078)*** 0.0715(0.0082)***
Agriculture and mining    1.6833 (0.7011)* 1.7784 (0.6995)* 1.6894(0.7005)*
Manufacturing    0.6568 (0.2429)** 0.6041 (0.2432)* 0.5967(0.2433)*
Construction    1.2886 (0.2719)*** 1.2313 (0.2722)*** 1.2235(0.2723)***
N 255,419 255,419 255,419 255,419 255,419
R-squared 0.0123 0.0275 0.0300 0.0321 0.326
Year, quarter, area fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. Notes: Robust standard errors in parentheses. PM10 measured in microgrammes per cubic metre
  3. Source: Own calculation based on EOD and SINCA, 1997–2017