Skip to main content

Table 8 Bivariate probability of permanent layoff: women

From: Industry shutdown rates and permanent layoffs: evidence from firm-worker matched data

  XS S M L XL All firms
Shutdown rate −.1088 1.2718 .4622 .2457 1.3510 .9273
  (.6894) (.5613) b (.3462) (.5169) (.5141) c (.3633) b
Lag of earnings −.0642 −.0847 −.0927 −.0990 −.0893 −.0908
  (.0090) c (.0074) c (.0101) c (.0148) c (.0107) c (.0089) c
Age 35–49 −.0572 .0154 .0270 .0434 .0662 .0343
  (.0080) c (.0103) (.0114) b (.0132) c (.0125) c (.0093) c
Age 50+ −.0166 .1236 .1524 .1724 .1760 .1379
  (.0146) (.0179) c (.0208) c (.0175) c (.0212) c (.0196) c
Married −.1738 −.1159 −.0849 −.0637 −.0310 −.0852
  (.0358) c (.0189) c (.0112) c (.0126) c (.0100) c (.0146) c
Tenure −.1015 −.0944 −.0883 −.0806 −.0669 −.0928
  (.0080) c (.0055) c (.0046) c (.0052) c (.0056) c (.0052) c
Tenure squared .0026 .0025 .0025 .0025 .0020 .0028
  (.0003) c (.0002) c (.0002) c (.0002) c (.0002) c (.0002) c
Union .0775 .1065 .0532 .0199 .0285 .0126
  (.0150) c (.0163) c (.0206) c (.0226) (.0285) (.0198)
Atlantic .4349 .3257 .2766 .2587 .1274 .2942
  (.0361) c (.0341) c (.0306) c (.0558) c (.0422) c (.0323) c
Quebec .2284 .1508 .0845 .0595 −.0177 .1158
  (.0303) c (.0157) c (.0299) c (.0238) b (.0216) (.0253) c
Prairie −.1340 −.0910 −.0517 −.0329 −.0617 −.0764
  (.0437) c (.0139) c (.0164) c (.0250) (.0275) b (.0164) c
BC .1163 .1069 .1095 .0566 .0001 .0884
  (.0297) c (.0290) c (.0247) c (.0350) (.0337) (.0221) c
Constant −.7691 −.6926 −.4260 −.2235 −.6727 −.6289
  (.2024) c (.1446) c (.1328) c (.1794) (.1622) c (.1471) c
Firm active estimates—exclusion restrictions
log RER jt −.1165 .0167 −.0649 −.7401 .0052 −.2341
  (.0878) (.1220) (.1802) (.2693) c (.8326) (.0948) b
\(\log \overline {\text {wage bill}}_{ikjt}\) .4257 .1833 .1428 .0722 .3200 .3363
  (.0201) c (.0493) c (.0411) c (.0376) a (.0511) c (.0248) c
ρ (correlation) −.2913 −.3842 .9171 .5114 .0937 −.0487
  (.0764) c (.1698) c (.0091) c (.3475) (.4337) (.1713)
LR test χ 2 (selection) 12.89 4.13 739.38 1.44 .05 .0807
p value 0 .042 0 .230 .830 .7764
Observation-censored 80,672 27,214 18,571 8387 4449 139,293
Observations 791,138 806,543 979,833 718,374 1,904,505 5,200,393
logL −339,866.5 −235,821.1 −225,177.8 −128,665.1 −174,849.7 −1,187,556
  1. Note: The reference group is Ontario for region, 25–35 for age, 2005 for year, and construction for industry. The firm size classes are (XS) less than 5 employees, (S) 5–19 employees, (M) 20–99 employees, (L) 100–500 employees, and (XL) 500+ employees. Clustered standard errors, in parentheses, account for within industry correlation
  2. a, b, cStatistical significance at the 10, 5, and 1% levels, respectively