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Table 5 Size comparison of shutting down and continuing firms

From: Industry shutdown rates and permanent layoffs: evidence from firm-worker matched data

  Shutting down in t Continuing in t
Industry Mean Median Mean Median
  t t−1 t−2 t t−1 t−2 t t−1 t−2 t t−1 t−2
Crops and animal prod. 0.9 1.3 1.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 3.4 3.5 3.5 1.3 1.3 1.3
Forestry, fishing, etc. 1.3 2.6 3.0 0.5 0.9 1.0 6.0 6.3 6.6 1.7 1.8 1.9
Oil and gas 5.7 7.7 7.6 0.8 1.4 1.5 45.8 42.9 40.1 1.6 1.6 1.6
Mining (except oil and gas) 6.1 10.5 11.0 0.8 2.3 2.6 102.7 98.6 95.5 10.3 10.3 10.0
Support for mining 2.5 6.0 6.1 0.5 1.0 1.1 21.2 20.1 18.3 1.7 1.8 1.7
Utilities 5.9 10.0 10.1 1.3 2.6 2.5 235.9 231.8 227.3 8.0 7.6 7.1
Construction 1.5 2.7 3.0 0.6 1.1 1.2 9.2 8.9 8.5 2.7 2.6 2.6
Food, beverage, etc. 3.7 8.7 9.6 0.8 2.0 2.2 58.5 58.6 58.7 6.0 6.0 6.0
Textile, etc. 4.6 12.7 15.2 0.9 2.1 2.5 25.8 27.6 29.1 6.1 6.4 6.5
Clothing, etc. 4.6 10.8 13.4 1.1 2.9 3.7 23.8 25.8 27.3 6.4 6.9 7.2
Wood 3.8 9.4 11.1 0.8 2.2 2.4 45.8 47.6 47.9 10.2 10.6 10.4
Paper 7.2 19.7 24.6 2.0 3.5 4.2 175.1 182.7 190.1 20.6 21.1 21.4
Printing, etc. 2.8 5.9 6.6 0.8 1.7 1.8 19.7 20.5 21.0 4.5 4.8 4.9
Petroleum and coal 2.2 5.0 5.8 1.2 1.7 1.4 316.6 299.1 288.2 8.8 8.3 7.7
Chemical prod. 3.7 8.3 8.4 0.8 1.8 2.1 64.5 64.4 63.4 8.7 8.7 8.7
Plastic and rubber 9.2 22.3 23.6 1.6 3.5 4.4 77.5 79.9 80.5 17.8 17.8 17.3
Non-metallic 2.6 5.5 6.3 0.7 1.6 2.2 39.0 39.1 38.8 7.4 7.4 7.2
Primary metals 9.0 22.9 33.1 1.3 3.8 4.4 156.4 161.1 163.5 19.9 20.5 20.5
Fabricated metal 3.6 8.0 9.3 0.9 2.0 2.3 25.8 25.8 25.6 8.7 8.5 8.3
Machinery 4.3 9.9 11.7 0.9 2.0 2.3 35.1 34.8 34.3 9.2 9.3 9.2
Computers, etc. 4.0 9.6 11.1 0.8 1.7 2.2 49.1 49.0 49.9 8.2 8.2 8.1
Electrical equipment, etc. 4.9 8.7 9.8 0.9 1.7 1.8 49.4 49.5 50.5 8.6 8.4 8.1
Vehicles 7.3 18.0 26.1 1.0 2.2 2.5 135.3 140.3 142.6 10.5 10.6 10.7
Furniture 4.5 9.6 10.8 1.0 2.1 2.4 24.6 25.2 25.3 6.9 6.9 6.8
Miscelleneous Manu 2.2 4.4 5.4 0.6 1.3 1.5 13.0 13.0 12.8 3.9 3.9 3.7
Wholesale 2.1 4.3 4.8 0.7 1.3 1.5 18.7 18.7 18.6 4.3 4.4 4.3
Retail 2.3 4.6 5.1 0.9 1.9 2.1 23.1 22.4 21.7 4.4 4.4 4.3
Air transport, etc. 2.7 5.3 6.0 0.7 1.4 1.6 39.9 39.7 39.0 3.9 3.8 3.7
Truck 1.8 3.3 3.5 0.6 1.1 1.2 9.3 9.1 8.9 1.8 1.9 1.9
Transit 2.7 4.6 5.1 0.9 1.6 1.7 40.1 39.1 38.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
Pipeline 1.2 3.1 4.1 0.3 0.9 0.9 86.4 81.4 76.8 1.8 1.7 1.7
Warehousing 3.9 7.3 8.5 1.3 2.7 2.9 42.8 41.0 39.0 6.6 6.8 6.7
Information, etc. 3.1 6.0 6.7 0.8 1.6 1.8 38.4 37.8 38.2 4.1 4.1 4.1
Motion pics 1.8 3.3 4.5 0.5 0.9 1.0 11.1 11.0 11.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Broadcasting 4.6 8.1 8.4 0.9 1.8 1.9 150.8 151.0 154.7 5.6 5.5 5.0
Finance, etc. 1.6 3.0 3.4 0.6 0.9 1.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 1.9 1.9 1.9
Professional, etc. 1.2 2.2 2.5 0.5 0.9 1.0 8.7 8.5 8.2 1.6 1.7 1.7
Admin, etc. 2.6 4.7 5.2 0.7 1.3 1.5 22.3 21.5 20.5 3.1 3.1 3.0
Waste management 2.3 4.3 5.2 0.7 1.5 1.7 17.2 16.6 16.0 4.0 3.9 3.9
Arts, etc. 2.4 4.2 4.6 0.7 1.3 1.4 17.4 17.1 16.7 3.2 3.2 3.1
Accommodations, etc. 3.8 7.0 7.8 1.5 3.3 3.7 20.9 20.7 20.4 6.8 6.9 7.0
Other services 1.0 1.8 1.9 0.4 0.7 0.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 1.8 1.9 1.9
All 2.1 3.9 4.4 0.6 1.2 1.3 20.5 20.2 19.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
  1. Note: This table provides a comparison between shutting down firms in year t with continuing firms. For these two groups of firms, the table provides the median and average employment size in 3 years prior to firm shutdown in the former group