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Table 3 Medium-term regression results—sub-sample analysis (Dependent variable: working hours per week in 2000)

From: Medium- and long-term consequences of pollution on labor supply: evidence from Indonesia

Sample Households with dependents Households without dependents
Variables     
Pollution index in 1997 −1.719*** −1.720*** −0.899 −0.746
  (0.417) (0.418) (0.865) (0.863)
Age (in years) 0.0176 0.1997 −0.4006 −0.3965
  (0.1868) (0.1868) (0.3244) (0.3239)
Age squared −0.0024 −0.0024 0.0005 0.0006
  (0.0018) (0.0018) (0.0029) (0.0029)
Tenure (in years) −0.0945 −0.0948 0.1527 0.1550
  (0.0715) (0.0716) (0.1077) (0.1074)
Tenure squared 0.0007 0.0007 −0.0033* −0.0033*
  (0.0016) (0.0016) (0.0019) (0.0019)
Years of education −0.263*** −0.263*** −0.266** 0.266*
  (0.069) (0.069) (0.135) (0.135)
Having outside kitchen −0.0182 −0.0268 0.8171 0.7684
  (0.6130) (0.6132) (1.1189) (1.1199)
Having outside water −2.0247*** −2.044*** −1.5373 −1.4911
  (0.7391) (0.7399) (1.3262) (1.3255)
Living in urban location 4.379*** 4.387*** 5.127*** 5.151***
  (0.677) (0.677) (1.231) (1.230)
Male 2.009*** 2.017*** 3.284*** 3.166***
  (0.648) (0.648) (1.097) (1.102)
Household size 0.1673 0.1651 0.3391 0.3426
  (0.1836) (0.1837) (0.5234) (0.5223)
Working hours in 1993 0.269*** 0.269*** 0.311*** 0.313***
  (0.019) (0.019) (0.032) (0.032)
Poor GHS −0.019 −2.753*
  (0.891) (1.458)
Constant 36.7447*** 36.7194*** 44.9515*** 44.8031***
  (4.646) (4.646) (8.838) (8.845)
Sample size 4790 4788 1736 1736
  1. Robust standard errors are in parentheses
  2. *Significant at 10% level; **significant at 5% level; ***significant at 1% level