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Table 2 Long- and medium-term regression results—full sample analysis (Dependent variable: working hours per week)

From: Medium- and long-term consequences of pollution on labor supply: evidence from Indonesia

Term (dependent variable) Long-term results (Working hours in 2007) Medium-term results (Working hours in 2000)
Variables     
Pollution index in 1997 −0.8005* −0.6974 −1.5458*** −1.5124***
  (0.4555) (0.4573) (0.3754) (0.3764)
Age (in years) −0.1067 −0.1094 −0.0062 −0.0034
  (0.2089) (0.2082) (0.1559) (0.1558)
Age squared −0.0018 −0.0017 −0.0023 −0.0023
  (0.0019) (0.0019) (0.0015) (0.0015)
Tenure (in years) 0.0469 0.0494 −0.0204 −0.0206
  (0.0620) (0.0617) (0.0575) (0.0575)
Tenure squared −0.0014 −0.0015 −0.0005 −0.0005
  (0.0013) (0.0013) (0.0011) (0.0011)
Years of education −0.2014*** −0.1976*** −0.2557*** −0.2573***
  (0.0633) (0.0634) (0.0611) (0.0611)
Having outside kitchen −0.44 −0.4289 0.2304 0.2179
  (0.5728) (0.5726) (0.5379) (0.5381)
Having outside water −1.6479** −1.6645** −2.0066*** −2.0169***
  (0.7128) (0.715) (0.6458) (0.6462)
Living in urban location 5.255*** 5.2541*** 4.659*** 4.6696***
  (0.6202) (0.6191) (0.5919) (0.5920)
Male 3.2554*** 3.1719*** 2.2675*** 2.2574***
  (0.5984) (0.5983) (0.5549) (0.5558)
Household size 0.0056 −0.0017 0.0217 0.0222
  (0.1560) (0.1601) (0.1461) (0.1461)
Working hours in 1993 0.1824*** 0.1827*** 0.2803*** 0.2807***
  (0.0171) (0.0170) (0.0163) (0.0163)
Poor GHS −1.8515** −0.8275
  (0.7557) (0.7613)
Constant 42.186*** 42.3029*** 36.9941*** 36.9526***
  (5.7115) (5.6931) (3.9785) (3.9774)
Sample size 5209 5206 6526 6524
  1. Robust standard errors are in parentheses
  2. *Significant at 10% level; **significant at 5% level; ***significant at 1% level