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Table 2 Paid vacation and union membership in Germany (Pooled OLS)

From: Trade union membership and paid vacation in Germany

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
  Simple Imputation 1 (SI 1) Simple Imputation 2 (SI 2) Multiple Imputation (MI)
  All Men Women All Men Women All Men Women
Union Membership (um it ) 0.900*** 0.857*** 0.944*** 0.889*** 0.752*** 1.059*** 0.881*** 0.798*** 0.965***
(0.192) (0.253) (0.269) (0.160) (0.208) (0.234) (0.202) (0.261) (0.314)
Age 0.054*** 0.042** 0.073*** 0.050*** 0.033** 0.069*** 0.042*** 0.030** 0.059***
(0.012) (0.017) (0.014) (0.010) (0.015) (0.013) (0.010) (0.015) (0.012)
Foreigner 0.854*** 0.902*** 0.886** 0.994*** 0.918*** 1.187** 0.880*** 0.917*** 0.885
(0.229) (0.257) (0.441) (0.256) (0.243) (0.579) (0.256) (0.241) (0.576)
Apprenticeship 0.147 0.195 −0.124 0.105 0.164 −0.164 −0.016 0.169 −0.420
(0.240) (0.304) (0.376) (0.212) (0.265) (0.334) (0.207) (0.257) (0.334)
Academic degree 0.598 0.517 0.483 0.588* 0.429 0.609 0.285 0.247 0.210
(0.372) (0.444) (0.483) (0.352) (0.415) (0.627) (0.335) (0.396) (0.585)
Tenure 0.105*** 0.073** 0.157*** 0.102*** 0.068** 0.153*** 0.111*** 0.076*** 0.163***
(0.026) (0.033) (0.042) (0.023) (0.030) (0.039) (0.023) (0.029) (0.039)
Tenure2 −0.003*** −0.001* −0.005*** −0.002*** −0.001 −0.004*** −0.002*** −0.001* −0.005***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Part-time −0.527* −0.084 −0.671** −0.590** −0.239 −0.723*** −0.669*** −0.622 −0.782***
(0.278) (1.639) (0.272) (0.243) (1.284) (0.243) (0.240) (1.245) (0.242)
Temporary contract 0.151 0.641 −0.370 −0.064 0.262 −0.429 −0.097 0.304 −0.532
(0.544) (0.955) (0.509) (0.464) (0.778) (0.445) (0.453) (0.763) (0.441)
Firm size: 20 ≥ & < 200 1.705*** 0.939*** 2.623*** 1.671*** 1.127*** 2.393*** 1.766*** 1.303*** 2.408***
(0.229) (0.320) (0.330) (0.204) (0.280) (0.298) (0.204) (0.282) (0.296)
Firm size: 200 ≥ & < 2000 2.787*** 2.448*** 3.041*** 2.772*** 2.711*** 2.752*** 2.857*** 2.879*** 2.768***
(0.250) (0.363) (0.348) (0.222) (0.316) (0.320) (0.224) (0.322) (0.319)
Firm size: ≥ 2000 3.289*** 2.893*** 3.601*** 3.228*** 3.146*** 3.240*** 3.393*** 3.414*** 3.270***
(0.236) (0.326) (0.353) (0.215) (0.292) (0.335) (0.222) (0.306) (0.344)
White-collar Worker 0.040 −0.147 0.645* 0.016 −0.177 0.580** 0.026 −0.171 0.592**
(0.193) (0.221) (0.330)     (0.169) (0.199) (0.294)
(0.168) (0.197) (0.292)
Unemployment Rate −0.013 −0.076** 0.068** −0.015 −0.069** 0.053* −0.062*** −0.116*** 0.007
(0.025) (0.036) (0.032) (0.021) (0.030) (0.028) (0.018) (0.025) (0.027)
Female −0.122    −0.040    −0.027   
(0.190)    (0.174)    (0.172)   
Constant 22.771*** 24.126*** 20.889*** 22.882*** 24.059*** 21.294*** 22.910*** 23.943*** 21.558***
(0.511) (0.644) (0.852) (0.480) (0.591) (0.813) (0.468) (0.578) (0.755)
N 26394 15559 10835 30359 18056 12303 31302 18578 12724
NI (number of imputed values) 19556 11284 8272 23521 13781 9740 24464 14303 10161
n (number of individuals) 11670 6465 5205 12909 7173 5736 13179 7317 5862
Wald_x (df) 926.9*** (31) 629.1*** (30) 366.9*** (30) 1016.8*** (31) 729.9*** (30) 357.9*** (30) 892.9*** (23) 608.3*** (22) 323.8*** (22)
  1. Note: SOEP 1985–2010. MI: Each imputed data set (m = 60) is an unbalanced panel of the particular survey years with N_all: 31302
  2. Dependent variable: Number of paid vacation days taken per year. Standard errors in parentheses, *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01
  3. Wald_x (df): Wald-test with H0: no joint significance of all covariates. Additionally controlled for industries (NACE 1-digit) & survey year. SOEP weights are used