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Table 3 Reduced form and IV estimates of the effect of military service on log annual wages 1

From: The long-term effects of military conscription on educational attainment and wages

  ± 1 birth cohort ± 2 birth cohorts ± 3 birth cohorts
Log annual wages (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Reduced form -0.013* -0.013* -0.017** -0.015** -0.019*** -0.017**
  (0.008) (0.008) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
IV -0.031* -0.029* -0.036** -0.032* -0.038** -0.033**
  (0.017) (0.018) (0.017) (0.017) (0.017) (0.017)
Log annual wages (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Reduced form -0.013* -0.011 -0.015** -0.013* -0.016** -0.013**
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
IV -0.028* -0.026 -0.033** -0.029* -0.034** -0.028*
  (0.017) (0.017) (0.016) (0.016) (0.016) (0.016)
Control: Years of education 0.051*** 0.051*** 0.049*** 0.049*** 0.049*** 0.049***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Log annual wages (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Reduced form -0.008 -0.007 -0.012* -0.010 -0.014** -0.011*
  (0.007) (0.008) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
IV -0.019 -0.017 -0.024 -0.021 -0.028* -0.022
  (0.017) (0.017) (0.017) (0.017) (0.016) (0.016)
Control: University education 0.348*** 0.348*** 0.339*** 0.339*** 0.331*** 0.331***1
  (0.011) (0.011) (0.009) (0.009) (0.008) (0.008)
Age polynomials linear quadratic linear quadratic linear quadratic
Observations 17,605 17,605 29,228 29,228 40,481 40,481
  1. Notes: Each cell is based on a separate regression of wages on military conscription as specified in Equations (2) and (4). Standard errors in parentheses: ***p <0.01, **p <0.05, *p <0.1.