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Table 4 Effect of teaching tenure on own money spent, SASS data

From: How do teachers respond to tenure?

Sample restrictions (1) Baseline (2) Tenure evaluation year dummy (3) Exclude “Before Tenure Evaluation” dummy (4) No individual teacher or district controls
Before Tenure Evaluation −68.068**    −69.038**
  (29.924)    (29.881)
Tenure Evaluation Year   68.068**   
   (29.924)   
First Year With Tenure −75.567** −7.499 −72.582* −62.519**
  (34.803) (45.906) (36.886) (27.533)
Two Or More Years With Tenure −26.897 41.171 −38.842 −20.752
  (44.233) (62.679) (44.507) (41.629)
Black −84.454*** −84.454*** −85.612***  
  (20.784) (20.784) (20.908)  
Hispanic 30.993 30.993 31.075  
  (23.033) (23.033) (22.555)  
Other Race −91.581** −91.581** −91.120**  
  (34.666) (34.666) (34.728)  
Male −96.151*** −96.151*** −95.840***  
  (13.985) (13.985) (13.926)  
Age 2.561*** 2.561*** 2.560***  
  (0.917) (0.917) (0.918)  
Salary ($1000s) 2.690*** 2.690*** 2.689***  
  (0.966) (0.966) (0.969)  
Student-Teacher Ratio −3.127* −3.127* −3.111*  
  (1.681) (1.681) (1.677)  
Free Lunch Percentage 84.657*** 84.657*** 85.726***  
  (24.353) (24.353) (24.352)  
Expenditures Per Student −2.613** −2.613** −2.729**  
  (1.196) (1.196) (1.184)  
Collective Bargaining 18.375 18.375 17.558  
  (19.784) (19.784) (19.970)  
Second Year of Teaching 64.957*** 64.957*** 66.058*** 65.920***
  (18.742) (18.742) (18.627) (19.310)
Third Year of Teaching 24.848 24.848 36.029 32.846
  (28.267) (28.267) (25.755) (27.988)
Fourth Year of Teaching −31.896 −31.896 25.074 −18.136
  (34.405) (34.405) (20.975) (34.777)
Fifth Year of Teaching −37.237 −37.237 27.344 −28.892
  (52.303) (52.303) (39.033) (49.917)
Sixth Year of Teaching −67.960 −67.960 9.762 −45.762
  (64.568) (64.568) (42.686) (66.013)
Seventh Year of Teaching −74.371 −74.371 4.934 −53.010
  (76.580) (76.580) (53.745) (74.962)
R-squared 0.051 0.051 0.051 0.034
Observations 15,120 15,120 15,120 15,650
  1. Standard errors in parentheses, clustered by state.
  2. State effects and teaching year effects are included in the above regressions.
  3. *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01.
  4. Note: Sample sizes rounded to nearest 10 for NCES confidentiality purposes.