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Table 1 Characteristics of UC applicants, admits, and enrollees by race, pre-Prop 209 and change post Prop 209

From: Affirmative action and university fit: evidence from Proposition 209

  Applied Admitted Enrolled Graduated
  Pre-Prop 209 Change Pre-Prop 209 Change Pre-Prop 209 Change Pre-Prop 209 Change
Under-represented Minorities:
No. of Minorities 31,002 2,493 24,352 -472 13,291 -714 8,205 91
High School Acad. Index 619.7 14.7*** 645.7 17.2*** 641.5 15.6*** 653.7 12.4***
Parents have BA 0.369 0.004 0.381 -0.014*** 0.385 -0.039*** 0.417 -0.046***
Parents’ Income ≤ $30K 0.379 -0.019*** 0.364 -0.008* 0.364 0.008 0.334 0.012
Parents’ Income ≥ $80K 0.195 0.015*** 0.203 0.009** 0.211 -0.010* 0.238 -0.018***
Graduation Rate        0.624 0.044***
Share of Calif. Public HS Grads 0.107 -0.011*** 0.084 -0.016*** 0.046 -0.010*** 0.028 -0.005*
Whites:
No. of Whites 67,986 8,217 54,571 4,398 27,652 1,937 20,791 2,210
High School Acad. Index 710.4 11.1*** 729.8 8.8*** 722.6 13.3*** 730.7 12.4***
Parents have BA 0.801 -0.002 0.813 -0.010*** 0.805 -0.008** 0.822 -0.008**
Parents’ Income ≤ $30K 0.103 -0.008*** 0.101 -0.006*** 0.109 -0.006*** 0.100 -0.006*
Parents’ Income ≥ $80K 0.528 0.019*** 0.533 0.013*** 0.525 0.015*** 0.540 0.016***
Graduation Rate        0.769 0.025***
Share of Calif. Public HS Grads 0.187 0.003 0.150 -0.003 0.076 -0.002 0.057 0.000
  1. *** p < 0.01; ** p < 0.05; * p < 0.1.
  2. Data Source: UCOP individual data, Pre-Prop 209 (1995–97); Post-Prop 209 (1998–2000).
  3. Variables: No. of Observations is the total number of students who engaged in activity indicated in column heading; No. of Obs./No. of HS Grads is ratio of a column’s No. of Observations to the number of public high school graduates per year in California; Graduation Rate is share of enrolled students that graduated in 5 years or less; High School Acad. Index is sum of re-scaled student’s SAT I score (0 to 600 scale) plus re-scaled student’s UC-adjusted high school GPA (0 to 400 scale); Parents have BA is indicator variable of whether student has at least one parent with Bachelor Degree or more; Parents’ Income ≤ $30K is indicator variable for whether parents’ annual income is ≤ $30,000, where Pre-Prop 209 income are inflation-adjusted to Post-Prop 209 levels; Parents’ Income ≥ $80K is corresponding variable whether parents’ annual income is ≥ $80,000; and where Graduated denotes those who graduated in 5 years or less.
  4. Descriptive statistics for Asian Americans and Others (including Unknowns) are omitted from table, but are available in the Additional file 1.
  5. Totals in each category include occasional cases with missing data; when calculating average sample characteristics, individuals missing that data are dropped. This includes enrollees with missing graduation information, so Graduation Rate is not identical to graduates/enrollees.