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Table 6 Robustness check V: controlling for health indicators

From: Absenteeism, unemployment and employment protection legislation: evidence from Italy

  (1) (2) (3)
Panel A
Unemployment rate -0.038*** -0.034*** -0.034***
  (0.005) (0.006) (0.006)
Small firm (≤15) -0.615*** -0.506*** -0.555***
  (0.030) (0.049) (0.054)
Small firm* Unemployment rate   -0.012*** -0.015***
   (0.004) (0.005)
Life expectancy (at 45) -0.129*** -0.128*** -0.124***
  (0.035) (0.035) (0.037)
Lag ln(Wage)    -0.922***
    (0.087)
Constant 7.011*** 6.947*** 10.304***
  (1.117) (1.121) (1.198)
Observations 574,074 574,074 483,531
Panel B
Unemployment rate -0.030*** -0.026*** -0.028***
  (0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
Small firm (≤15) -0.618*** -0.506*** -0.554***
  (0.030) (0.048) (0.054)
Small firm* Unemployment rate   -0.012*** -0.015***
   (0.004) (0.004)
Mortality rate 0.004** 0.004** 0.003
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
Lag ln(Wage)    -0.917***
    (0.088)
Constant 2.404*** 2.357*** 5.953***
  (0.428) (0.427) (0.663)
Observations 573,671 573,671 483,159
  1. Notes: WHIP dataset. OLS estimates are reported. Further controls are the same used in Table 2. Life expectancy and mortality are collected from Health for All (ISTAT 2012). Standard errors are allowed for within provincial correlation. The symbols ***, **, * indicate that coefficients are statistically significant, respectively, at the 1, 5, and 10 percent level.