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Table 3 Main detectable effects

From: Hiring discrimination based on national origin and religious closeness: results from a field experiment in the Paris area

Comparison by pairs on the same job offers Potential effect
French secular/North African secular Usual result of a field experiment
French Catholic/North African Catholic Origin for Catholics
French Muslim/North African Muslim Origin for Muslims
French secular/French Catholic Signaling of closeness to Catholic religion for a French origin applicant
French secular/French Muslim Signaling of closeness to Muslim religion for a French origin applicant
North African secular/North African Catholic Signaling of closeness to Catholic religion for a North African origin applicant
North African secular/ North African Muslim Signaling of closeness to Muslim religion for a North African origin applicant
French Catholic/French Muslim Religious closeness for a French origin applicant
North African Catholic/ North African Muslim Religious closeness for a North African origin applicant