Skip to main content

Table 4 Estimates of labour supply, unemployment and programme participation

From: The labour supply effects of a partial cash-out of in-kind transfers to single mothers

Labour supply LPT→NP HPT→NP FT→NP Unemployment
Fixed         
intercept 0.961 0.188 0.893 0.521 1.085 0.661 −1.040 0.228
renter 0.187 0.028 0.009 0.035 0.046 0.019 0.261 0.039
Age −0.043 0.894 −0.269 0.717 −0.963 0.448 −1.805 1.107
age2 −0.126 1.168 0.261 0.897 1.425 0.662 −0.203 1.468
child 0-4 0.235 0.087 0.487 0.241 0.155 0.067 0.230 0.045
child 5-10 −0.075 0.037 0.046 0.034 0.077 0.036 0.087 0.030
widow −0.147 0.035 0.027 0.040 0.060 0.030 −0.146 0.052
Unemp %        0.009 0.092
Random   ψ ¯ p ψ ˜ p  
y other   4.474 0.211 1.049 0.049    
y other - y FC   0.322 0.154 0.980 0.399    
y other - y HB   0.008 0.025 0.598 0.400    
y other - y CH   0.484 0.219 1.000 0.550    
Covariance LPT→NP HPT→NP FT→NP   
ρ LPT->NP    0.091 0.090 0.445 0.060   
ρ HPT->NP      −0.699 0.092   
σ 1.000 - 0.560 0.560 0.232 0.196   
Programme participation   FC HB CH
intercept   −1.055 1.205 −0.469 0.908 0.102 0.572
renter   0.448 0.231 -   0.626 0.115
age   −0.048 0.588 −0.317 0.439 0.019 0.297
age2   −0.042 0.777 −0.359 0.547 −0.347 0.414
child 0-4   −0.123 0.229 0.232 0.190 0.369 0.125
child 5-10   −0.082 0.156 0.092 0.117 0.089 0.105
widow   −1.451 0.664 0.252 0.135 −0.258 0.201
unemp. rate   0.565 0.181 0.459 0.131 −0.008 0.085
y p   0.069 0.036 0.279 0.090 0.074 0.005
Covariance        
ρ CH   −0.220 0.154 0.211 0.114   
ρ FC     0.435 0.123 −0.220 0.154
  1. Source: Author estimates.
  2. Note: Standard errors in italics. Log likelihood −6825. Number of observations is 4527. The labour supply and unemployment equations also include 8 region dummies and 7 dummies for consecutive pairs of benefit years. FC = Family Credit; HB = Housing Benefit; CH = child nutrition programme, Renter is not included in HB participation equation since HB is only available for renters. Age is defined as age/100 and age2/1000 and the unemployment rate, as a %, has been divided by 10. Note that all observations are single mothers so the omitted demographic profile is a never partnered or separated mother in owner occupied accommodation whose youngest child is 11–18.